Use fertilisers 15 days before flowering: Expert to orchardists

Use fertilisers 15 days before flowering: Expert to orchardists

SHOPIAN: As the spring season has begun, expert from SKUAST has advised orchardists to use fertilizers fifteen days before flowering.
Kashmir Reader spoke to senior SKAUST scientist, Dr Muntaz to know what orchardists have to do during rainy season and how to mix fertilisers.
He said that in low lying areas, if the rainfall continued for a long time, orchardists should make proper arrangement of drainage system. “If soil contain more clay, then orchardists should go for proper drainage to remove water from fields,” he said.
When asked why drainage is important, he said that when quantity of water exceeds where it disallows the roots to intake nutrients and stops roots to respirator properly, it would led to death of roots and hence reduces its capacity to yield low quantity and quality of crop because it don’t let nutrients to go to the plant through roots.
“Yet the situation is good, but at the same time trees will come out of dormancy period and if rains continued, then there is need of drainage,” Dr Mumtaz added.
He said, “In higher altitudes, soil contain rich quantity of sand. There is no need to make drains. The water in sandy soil doesn’t lost for long and thus least need of drainage.”
When asked that fruit trees have more moist soil than needed for more than four months now, he said that snow melts slowly and in dormancy period roots don’t have to feed too much to the upper part of tress during the time and once it comes out of dormancy there should not be heavily moist soil for long period which could affect the bud break of uptake of nutrients.
Dr Muntaz stressed that the drainage is only need in low lying orchards having clay soil and if rains continued for long.
“Moisture should be at field capacity which means the soil neither should be dry nor wet when fertilisers are feasible to be mixed,” he said.
When asked that many people have mixed fertilisers by the end of February, he said that it is absolutely wastage of fertilisers and money.
“For example if we talk of urea fertiliser, it takes around a week to do its process in soil and after that roots absorb it and when people mixed same in dormancy, it will get wasted because roots will absorb it and it will not remain in soil for long time thus gets wasted, “he said.
Dr Muntaz also advised orchardists that they should not mix fertilisers during rains or clay soil because it costs more efforts and less benefits to tree and wastage of nutrients.

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