New Delhi:The government will have to move a bill in Parliament to repeal the three agri laws, which were at the centre of protests by farmers for the past year, Constitution and legal experts said on Friday.
In his address to the nation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that the three agri laws will be repealed and the constitutional process required to do so will be completed in the Winter session of Parliament beginning later this month.
“For repeal, the power of Parliament is the same as enacting a law under the Constitution,” explained former Union Law Secretary P K Malhotra.
The government will have to bring a bill to repeal the three laws.
“There is no other way,” said former Lok Sabha Secretary General P D T Acharya.
Responding to a query, Acharya said the government can repeal the three laws through a single repealing bill.
In the statement of objects and reason of the bill, the government can mention the reasons why it intends to repeal the three laws, he said.
“When a repeal bill is passed, it is also a law,” observed Malhotra.
The three agri laws have not been implemented, but the fact remains that they are laws passed by Parliament which have received assent of the President, said Malhotra, noting that they can be repealed by Parliament alone.
Addressing the nation, Modi insisted that the laws were in the benefit of farmers and then apologised to people of the country while adding that the government could not convince a section of farmers despite its clear heart and clean conscience.
“I have come to tell you that we have decided to repeal the three farm laws. In the upcoming Parliament session starting at the end of this month, we will complete the constitutional process to repeal the three farm laws,” Modi said.
In August, 2015, the government had allowed the controversial land acquisition ordinance to lapse amid protests by opposition parties.
In his August 30, 2015 ‘Mann ki Baat’ monthly radio address, Prime Minister Modi had announced that the government will not repromulgate the controversial ordinance on land acquisition which was expiring the next day (Monday, August 31).
“We had promulgated an ordinance on land acquisition bill which will expire tomorrow. I have decided that it should be allowed to expire. It means restoration of the situation that prevailed before my government took over,” the prime minister had said.
Apparently referring to the political opponents, he had said lot of doubts have been created over the land bill and fear instilled among farmers even though states had suggested amendments to the act of 2013 for the benefit of villages and villagers.
The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, and The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act are the three laws.