Peerzada Tayyab Shah – II

The Quaid-e-Azam’s rather extended stay in Srinagar came as a boost for Muslim Conference workers, and this did not go down well with the National Conference. Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah invited Congress leaders, including Jawaharlal Nehru, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Abul Kalam Azad, in 1945. The NC made massive arrangements for their reception. A boat procession […]

Peerzada Tayyab Shah – I

An active member of the Muslim Conference, Peerzada Tayyab Shah was, like many others, dismayed when the party was converted into the National Conference in 1938-39. He started to take part in programmes organized by MA Sabir, a prominent journalist who had helped in creating the Muslim League. Others who had joined in included Mir Abdul […]


Curbs on public meetings, debates and discussions during Dogra rule and the so-called democratic governments of Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah, Bakhshi Ghulam Muhammad and others were not able to strangle the political movement in Kashmir. People were sharp enough to come up with alternatives, and saloons, bookshops and other commercial establishments provided enough space for political […]

Molvi Noor-ud-Din

The son of Badr-ud-Din of Wazpora, Srinagar, Noor-ud-Din was born in 1910, and passed the Adeeb, Molvi Alim and Molvi Fazil courses after matriculation. He was selected as postmaster, but a close acquaintance, Molvi Ateequllah, vehemently opposed the idea. “Noor-ud-Din will not join,” he said on seeing the young man’s appointment order. “He will run […]


In the mid-70s, noted journalist Shameem Ahmad Shameem called on a young boy in Abi Guzar, Srinagar, and told him about someone who had returned from Pakistan and had been persecuted for his political stand. He took the boy to a tailoring shop at Nawakadal in the old city, and introduced him to Ghulam Rasool […]

Mir Ghulam Hassan Kanth

Mir Ghulam Hassan Kanth was the first person the Dogra regime in Kashmir into custody on July 13, 1931 when its soldiers gunned down 22 people outside the Central Jail in Srinagar.   Born in 1894, Kanth owned a handicrafts business, and had, since 1927, also been visiting the Risalpora Cantonment (now in Pakistan) with […]

Me’raj-ud-Din Pandit

Born in 1915 into a well-off Srinagar family closely related to Mirwaiz Muhammad Yusuf Shah, Me’raj-ud-Din Pandit had graduated in the Arts by the time he joined active politics.   After the Muslim Conference, of which he had become a member, was converted into the National Conference in 1938, Pandit strived to revive the parent […]

Ghulam Muhammad Malik – II

In 1973, a publication, Arthur Mee’s Book of Knowledge: Children’s Encyclopedia, with an illustration showing the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) receiving revelation from Archangel Gabriel, was discovered in a college library in Anantnag. Students in the district held demonstrations on May 17against authorities for permitting the publication. The State Government promptly banned the book, but it was too late. […]

Ghulam Muhammad Malik

Ghulam Muhammad Malik’s ancestors had shifted from Tral to escape begaar (forced labour) during Dogra rule, and settled in the Jogilankar area of Srinagar. Born around 1912,  Malik grew up to earn his livelihood at a textile shop his father, Abd-us-Sattar, had set up in the locality. But the political situation of Kashmir forced him […]

Peerzada Jalal-ud-Din Qureshi

Born into a well-read family in Zaldagar, Srinagar, on January 22, 1921, Peerzada Jalal-ud-Din Qureshi had his initial education at the Islamia School and the MP High School, and took part in active politics right after matriculation. When the freedom movement was formally launched in 1931, Qureshi, only ten then, was an enthusiastic participant. Impressed […]

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