Understanding Tax-incentives in Light of the Modern Welfare World

Understanding Tax-incentives in Light of the Modern Welfare World

The modern world witnessed changes in public finance as public expenditures and public revenue through different sources, particularly taxes entered different phases and junctures with every passing day, as a consequence the nature and significance of the welfare state whose functions and goalmouths have also experienced conversions and transformations. The welfare state is a public […]

On Farm Size(s) and the Productivity Debate in Agriculture

On Farm Size(s) and the Productivity Debate in Agriculture

The relationship between farm size and productivity has always caught the attention of educated and well-read agriculturists, in general, and researchers, in particular. There is a good amount of literature on farm size and productivity in smallholder agriculture as well as big holder agriculture in India, especially post-green revolution period. The research findings and the […]

Understanding the Agrarian Class Structure

Understanding the Agrarian Class Structure

The groups and settlements of people who earn their living mainly by cultivating land and by carrying out allied activities like fishing and animal husbandry are called agrarian societies. Agricultural economics sprang from the economic activities of agricultural production, agricultural consumption, agricultural investment and agricultural exchange which relates to product pricing of agriculture goods and […]

On Muhammad Yunus and His Pioneering Work on Micro Finance

The issue of finance, in general, and microfinance, in particular, is very important for growth and development of an economy, a particularly under-developed economy. Wants are unlimited and the resources are limited. But, we cannot deny the fact that earth has an adequate amount of resources to meet and satisfy the needs of all but […]

On Distinguished Service Professor Richard Thaler’s Economic Thoughts

Richard Thaler is an American economist who is a theorist cum behavioral economist of finance and a Charles R. Walgreen Distinguished Service Professor of behavioral science and economics at the University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business. He was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 2017 for integrating psychosomatically and expressively genuine, […]

On Lal Ded (Lalla Arifah) and Her Philosophy

On Lal Ded (Lalla Arifah) and Her Philosophy

Lalla Arifah (1320-1392), a 14th-century Sufi saint who is also locally recognized as Lal Ded, was a Kashmiri mystic and spiritual personality. She is known by many other names like Laleshwari, Mother Lalla, Lal Didi, Lalishri, and Lalla Yogishwari (Richard Carnac, 2003). Lalla Arifa created the style of mystical poetry called Vakhs, literally “speech” (vocal […]

On the Great Sultan Cum Economist par Excellence: Alauddin Khilji

On the Great Sultan Cum Economist par Excellence: Alauddin Khilji

Alauddin Khilji was a great reformer, ruler and economist par excellence. Despite the fact that he had never studied the discipline of politics and economics formally he was well versed with the fundamentals of politics, governance, and economics which is why he was successful in bringing economic reforms in the subcontinent during his rule. The […]

Understanding Marketing Efficiency, Marketing Cost, Margin and the Price Spread

The marketing efficiency depends on costs, margins and price spread and for continuous observing of marketing efficiency we need to have a rational comprehension of marketing costs and margins. Marketing cost is the cost involved in moving goods from the producer to the consumer and the number of services offered. Marketing efficiency is directly linked […]

The Link Between Social Organizations, Social Capital and Agricultural Development

The Link Between Social Organizations, Social Capital and Agricultural Development

Agricultural growers across the world in general are price-takers rather than price-makers. It is the chain of intermediaries rather than agriculturalist which control the marketing in agriculture, broadly speaking. Consequently, the growers must be guaranteed a remunerative price which is very important for their growth and progress and can be given to them by offering […]

On Sheikh ul-Alam(RA) and His Philosophy

On Sheikh ul-Alam(RA) and His Philosophy

Kashmir has a history of and is defined by Sufism. The patron Sufi saint of Kashmir is Nund Rishi, also known as Sheikh Noor-ud-Din Wali, Sheikh Noor-ud-Din Noorani, and widely known as Sheikh ul-Alam. He was the 14th-century Sufi saint who, through his poetry spoke about the connection between man and God, conservation of the […]

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