Man Animal Conflict

Man Animal Conflict
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Increasingly, we are confronted by news of wild animals foraying and foraging into populated areas wherein the animals are either killed or injured or, at times, there are instances of civilian injuries. This trend goes under the overall rubric of man animal conflict and is as alarming as can be. First, the reasons for this development must be teased out. Rapid urbanization along with deforestation have not only led to an ecological imbalance but also disturbed, nay, harmed the natural habitats of wild animals. This, in turn, has led to conditions where people have encroached upon the habitats of these animals leading to an overall imbalance where wild animals seek their habitats only to be confronted by human habitations and dwellings leading to all kinds of issues and problems. Loss of natural habitat is wrong and bad for intrinsic reasons. Allah has created an ecosystem and an environment where every being has its own place and reason to be, of course, with mankind at the top and apex. The bottom line here is that this ecosystem must be respected by mankind and not therefore thrown into disarray. Toward this end, the first and foremost measure that must be taken is that places and habitats meant for wild animals must not be encroached upon. Yes, there are demographic pressures and reasons which make people move into areas inhabited by wild animals but this issues can be addressed by making certain areas “no go” for habitation of people. Second, increase in population and the attendant need for human dwelling against the paucity of land can, to an extent, be obviated by building vertical and living in flats or apartments. Third, there must be an immediate end to deforestation and a concomitant increase in aforestation. Those found guilty of timber smuggling, illicit activities in forests and other allied activities that lead to deforestation must be sternly dealt with. And, last but not the least; people must take vigorous initiatives by way of plantation drives for the same and purpose of aforestation. In the final analysis, animals are sentient, living beings and part of Creation. There is no reason to actually relegate them to conditions where their existence is imperiled. It, therefore, is in the nature of an imperative that we humans assume responsibility and a duty to not only protect and preserve wild life but also promote it.