In the beginning, human life was simple and the number of humans was very less. Humans, during those ages, could live well by simple individual to individual relations and interactions. Nonetheless, with the passage of time, human society grew complex and human population increased exponentially. Once that happened it was not possible to run the affairs of human life by simple individual relations but more developed group relations started taking shape. With these relations took birth various institutions and organizations which made the growing number of human population and satisfaction of their needs possible.
With increasing diversity in human population , the institutions and organizations became diverse. The local institutions gave way to regional ones and the regional ones paved way for the development and birth of the national and international institutions and organization. From the beginning of the individual relations to the development of international relations and institutions it took millions if not billions of years. The current stage in which we live is the stage of globalization, international relations and the world institutions. So far this is the most advanced stage of human life.
In the current age the enormity of international institutions is such that no individual is left out of their purview or area of operation. In every area of life and to control or supervise these areas there is an institution and a global institution. The global institutions are intimately connected with the regional and national ones. If any one of these institutions is taken out from the global equation it could be next to impossible for the world to sustain sustainably.
So, to sustain human life it is imperative upon the people of the world to ensure the sustenance of these institutions. The institutions in the current age are in their advanced stages and form and it is obligatory upon us to maintain their efficiency, accountability and effectiveness. Unable to become effective, accountable and efficient these institutions are bound to prove counterproductive.
Besides that, there are new threats and challenges that these institutions face in the changed conditions and modulated and manipulative global environment. It is a fact that all the institutions are ready to face the challenges that are there in the ages when these institutions exists but at times the emerging challenges are such that no preparations are made in advance and once the challenges emerge the institutions simply crumble. Numerous institutions have faced that fate and there is no guarantee that the existent institutions would not face it if the requisite corrective and protective measures are not initiated.
The League of Nations after the First World War was a promising and very important global institution to have taken shape. Many world powers relied behind this idea to give it a practical shape in order to ensure a peaceful world and to end the scourge of war. The foundation of this institution was laid on the sandy land of Treaty of Versailles which was faulty and one sided. Though that was the case but sincere attempts to make this institution a great success could have gone a long way in erasing those weaknesses and making the foundations strong but the leaders and countries tried little to do that and when the testing times and challenges came for this institution, it crumbled and dismembered. It was a grand failure in international relations.
But behind every success there is a failure, or many failures, and behind the emergence and formation of the United Nations Organization was the failure of the League of Nations. Had the League not failed we would have not be able to build a comparatively stronger institution in place of a weak one. The United Nations Organization so far has proved as a success and this institution it must be acknowledged, it has played a great role in ending many conflicts and in building peace in many volatile and hostile regions of the world.
But having said so, there are failures also and utter failure in many areas. Towards that end little has been done and no concern in shown even today. The first defect that the organization faces is it is grossly undemocratic. In the most important areas of the world affairs, only five veto power possessing countries of the world have a say. All of them or any one of them can make or sabotage a global action or program to address an important global problem and concern. Among around two hundred members of this organization it is only these five members who decide the fate of the world affairs and fate of many countries and races on the face of the earth. The rest at times turn out to be mute spectators who have only option to follow the dictates of the top five. Making this organization democratic in real sense is the biggest challenge before the world community.
The previously powerful countries are losing their grip on the world affairs and are not so powerful and are becoming weaker. The former countries are not easy to be kept bound to this arrangement for too long they will break up if the changes are not made. If that happens it might signal the demise of this great institution, sooner or later, without sounding pessimistic resulting thereby in a chaotic world. If that condition becomes a reality it would be a disservice, a great disservice towards the human species.
Accommodation is the rule and it should be the rule to save this great organization from decay and demise. The developed countries should give up their greed and lust and the developing ones should come together to press the former ones to make the UNO democratic and based on the principle of justice without going to the extremes.
It took the world ages to realize the importance of building a strong global institution. It cannot become perfect just in one century or under one century. For improving its efficiency the world and world leaders need to make conscious and continuous and untiring efforts. Decay of this institution is no option and it should not be thought of. Collective action involving give and take and accommodation of conflicting claims and counter claims should be the rule.
The world is passing through a critical phase; if efforts are not made improve the human lot, troublesome times might be the outcome. Completely different and advanced thought processes, ideas and operation are needed to pass through this stage successfully. The efforts need to be made by one and all. The United Nations and all the institutions of importance for man need to be protected and then made optimally beneficially for one and all without there being any discrimination. Democracy and real democracy should be the rule.
—The author can be reached at: fayaz.greatstep@gmail His twitter handle is: FayazdaaTribal