The Poet of Poets: The One and Only One Mirza Assadullah Khan Ghalib

The Poet of Poets: The One and Only One Mirza Assadullah Khan Ghalib
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Muhammad Nayyar Azam

“Hain dunya mae aur be sukhan war bahut achae
Kehtae hain Ghalib ka ha andaaze bayan aur”

One of the most influential figures of the subcontinent ,Mirza Assadullah Khan Ghalib continues to win the hearts of people with his evergreen literary works. The great poet is renowned for his poetic works in Urdu and Persian. Ghalib attained fame through the philosophical Urdu and Persian verses he wrote. He is the most celebrated poet who contributed so much that his work has surprisingly been converted into a new philosophical branch of Urdu literature ,later named as ‘The Ghalibat’.
Mirza Ghalib is known to be the last great poet of the Mughal era. He earned fame not only in India or Pakistan but today his fans can be seen across the globe. Ghalib’s poetry is distinguished by its intensive feeling and strong romantic nature which remained successful in putting a great charming effect on readers.
One of his lines I love to express is:

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Muhabbat mae nahi ha farq jeenae aur marna kya
Uesi ko deekh kar jeetae hain jis kafir par dam niklae;

The great poet’s famous Diwan e Ghalib ,which is no less than a masterpiece, has been translated into several Indian and foreign languages ,gaining the interest of thousands of readers across the world.
Ghalib believed in using simple short words in his writings .He laid the foundation of Urdu prose.”Urdi e Hindi” and “Urdu e Muallah” are his two famous books of collection of letters.
His writing mirrors the political and social conditions of Mughal times.
Although Ghalib used to write in several genres, his beautiful ghazals have been among the best received of his books.
He wrote both Urdu and Persian language ghazals but Persian poetry generally brought greater fame and prestige.
From the mid 19th century onwards he composed more in Urdu and now if Ghalib is remembered; it is mainly for his works in Urdu language. Contemporary scholars have agreed that Ghalib’s extraordinary skill as a romantic and lyrical poet makes him one of the most prominent figures of the 19th century.

—The author is studying medical sciences and is from Pulwama. He can be reached at: mirnayyarazam@gmail.com