By Sabzar Ahmad Bhat
Al-Quran has used a number of beautiful terms to define Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). On 12th Rabi al Awwl, associated with his birthday, it would be useful to ponder over some of these terms used by Allah in Quran about His Prophet Mohammad(PBUH) to gain a better understanding of the Prophet’s personality. When asked about what the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) was like, Hazrat Ayesha said that he was Quran personified. In fact, the Quran is the truest biography of the Prophet.
Allah has termed the Prophet(SAW) in a verse 107 of Surah Al-Anbya “And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds.” It is worth nothing that here the Most Beneficent and the most Merciful is describing the Mohammad (PBUH) as a manifestation of His mercy.
At another place in the Quran in verse 46 of Surah Al-Ahzab, the Almighty describes the Prophet(SAW) as “Sirajam Muneera (illuminating lamp)”. Just as a lamp dispels darkness, through His Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), Almighty seeks to illuminate the souls of mankind. At yet another point in the Quran, Almighty declares in verse 04 of Surah Al-Qalam that Prophet Mohammad(PBUH) is “And indeed, you are of a great moral character.”
Furthermore, in surah Al-Ahzab verse 21, Almighty Allah describes Prophet (PBUH) as “Verily you have in the Prophet of Allah an excellent model.”In every sphere of life Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) is an excellent role model. Because in every walk of life which He played – as leader, father, husband, relative, friend, trader, army chief, policy maker – his example is the best one.
He married, had a family and lived and worked and traded among his people. He faced personal problems like poverty, hunger and the harshest of situations. The Holy Prophet(SAW)treated his enemies with patience, showed them mercy and ensured that prisoners of war were taken care of. Also, he instructed people to be kind to all the human beings. The greatest of the greatest Prophet(SAW) said in his last sermon that“ He who is not merciful to people Allah will not be merciful to him.” Further he said that “Allah will not be merciful to those who are not merciful to mankind.” Jarir reported that the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said, “Allah Almighty will not show mercy to the person who does not show mercy to other people.”
Furthermore, Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) sought to settle all the problems, issues and conflicts, through empathy. His way was to listen to all the parties of conflict concerned and then come to a decision on the basis of fairness and equity. The battles he fought were mostly started by his enemies because, as per Allah’s instructions, he was asked not to fight unless the others did. Further, during the early stages of Prophethood, some admirers had accepted Islam but remained dishonest. He would still listen to each one of them and deal with them with kindness and love. The Quran clearly describes to his sympathy that: “…Wert thou severe or harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about thee: so pass over (their faults), and ask for (Allah’s) forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs (of moment)….” (3:159).
As rightly observed by Nikhat Sattar in her article “A Shining Example” that “The personal legacy of the Prophet — selflessness, simplicity and love of fellow beings — has been forgotten amidst hypocrisy in the race for power and wealth.”
The Holy Quran sums it up best in this beautiful verse 56 of surah Al-Ahzab that: “Allah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. O ye who believe! Ask blessings on him and salute him with a worthy salutation.”
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