It was generally held and assumed that there would accrue what was called a “post Cold War peace dividend” across the world. But, this assessment turned to be a van wish. From the United States, to Europe to the Middle East , Latin America, Asia to Africa, the world is not only in disarray but also seems to be unhinged. The United States became the trail blazer for populism and the bug was caught by many parts of Europe, so to speak. The Middle East, set afire by the second Gulf War is on the cusp of deep uncertainty with Syria fragmented and torn by war and Iran in the cross hairs of the United States. The regional balance of power there has been upended and everything is fluid. After flirtation with left wing politics, South America also appears to be taking a turn to right wing populism with Brazil appearing to lead the way. Asia is also experiencing deep uncertainty and there appears to be recrudescence of conflicts in the region. Africa, stuck in a deep morass is not showing any signs of coming out of it. Europe , unable to come to terms with massive refugee inflows, appears to be turning inward with populist parties gaining traction and even power in some places. Added up, the world as a whole seems to be adrift and cumulatively is on the cusp of deep and far reaching uncertainty. The so called post Cold War dividend has neither panned out nor fructified. Instead, what there is a world defined by flux, fluidity and geopolitical competition which can redefine and reshape international relations for decades to come. In this uncertainty defined and laden world, there is scope and latitude for Great Power conflict and even war. Against the backdrop of weak global governance and hamstrung international institutions, this potential conflict, whose contenders are China and the United States, could become militarized which would, axiomatically, be a disaster for the entire world and its peoples. The nagging question that becomes pertinent is: what can be done to pre empt this potential scenario? The answer, by and large, lies with people. The peoples across the world must exercise prudence and wisdom and elect those leaders who not only check or even repel the nativist populist instincts but also promise a better, peaceful and prosperous world. If not, things look ominous.