Eid-ul-Adha is regarded as the most important Islamic festival which is celebrated around the world by Muslims on the tenth day of their holy month Dhu-al Hijja (Ismail, 2006). It is the festivity of sacrifice, and it is significant for two main reasons: first, during Eid-ul-Adha we reminisce about the essence and spirit of Prophet Abraham (RA) and his religious fervor describing the manner in which he was ready to sacrifice his son, since it was Allah’s order which he was supposed to follow no matter what. There are five pillars of Islam which are basically the basic activities in Islam, regarded as mandatory for the illumination of the soul. They include Shahada (faith), Salah (prayer), Zakat (Charity), Sawm (fasting), and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). Second, Eid-ul-Adha culminates the period of Hajj (Caesar, 1994). About 3 million people visit Mecca and perform the hajj journey together every year.
If virtue, justice, and truthfulness are the doors to the heaven, the five pillars of Islam create a noble, upright and virtuous man who conjectures and builds up the structure of his worldly life according to the principles of the Shariah and employs it to uphold his spiritual education and faith for the enlightenment and illumination of the self.
It is the man as ego, as an animal with unlimited wants and greedy desires who is the basic culprit in self-destruction as well as societal destruction , in general, and ecological , in particular. The fall of man is because of the rise of separated consciousness that insists on living outside Divine Environment that is paradise. The earth belongs to Allah , not to man as a desiring ego and thus can’t be plundered, browbeaten indiscriminately. Eid-ul-Adha is a ritual which points out that one should shun the evil of Satan recurrently and by no means listen to him, nor to submit oneself to lures and temptations of any sort. It is the festival where we have slain the demons of lust, anger, and greed which are the root causes of the destruction of a man and society at large.
As Lal Ded quotes:
Slay the murderous demons,
Lust, anger, and greed
Both Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-Ul-Adha starts with a supplication of two Rakats followed by a khutbah. Both Eids are a blessing days where Muslims gather in a companionable and jubilant environment to offer their thankfulness to Allah for helping them to fulfill their spiritual responsibilities and facilitate their path towards highest spiritual blessings and sanctifications. This form of thanksgiving is not limited to verbal expressions and spiritual devotion only but goes far beyond that to manifest itself in the form of a collective humanitarian spirit. Both Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha are the Islamic arrangements of prayer, blessings, and thanks and a healthy and unique blend of philanthropic magnanimity and spiritual devotion.
Cooperation or ‘‘Muwasaat’’ means helping fellows in Islam and outspreading material care and support to them. It has a great religious and practical implication because it plays a vital role in the upward mobility and improvement of weaker sections of society and creates a feeling of love amongst Muslims. Eid-ul-Adha is undoubtedly the harbinger of philanthropy, love, and cooperation which aim at seeking closeness to Almighty Allah by way of helping your (Muslim) brothers. It makes us conscientious in doing our duty so as to harvest the crop in heaven and provide for our comforts there. Our mindfulness of Almighty Allah must not be held in reserve for times of prayer and spiritual devotion alone, it must colour all our actions which can manifest itself in many ways, such as feeding the poor, helping the needy, struggling against injustice and tyranny, and safeguarding our surroundings or environment. And, Eid is a true reflection of such mindfulness of Almighty Allah.
The basic goal and objective of Eid: Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha is to seek closeness to the Creator for the creation of a noble, upright and virtuous man who is multidimensionally embracing all features of piety, faith, action, thought, feeling and work. Eid must fulfill two things: (i) it must enable and empower man to help his brothers in the true sense (ii) it must bring cooperation and care for the mankind.
The essence of Eid-ul-Adha is a matter of the essence of religion , in particular, and economics , in general, which is an allocation of resource in relation to unlimited human wants, a decision making involving resource allocation to maximize human welfare. This auspicious festival teaches us rearrangement (distributing Eidi and Lamb into relatives, neighbors, and poor or needy) in ways that are more valuable. Distribution is the most important economic activity and one of the most fruitful distribution deeds is to do well to Muslim brothers and try to fulfill their wants and needs. It is the occasion of Eid which weakens Satan, provide a safety net against the Fire (of Hell) and leads one towards Paradise. Let’s then take a pledge to spread love and affection and develop philanthropic attitude in life.
Farah, Caesar (1994). Islam: Beliefs and Observances (5th Ed.). Barron’s Educational Series. ISBN 978-0-8120-1853-0
Davids, Abu Muneer Ismail. (2006). Getting the best out of Hajj by Abu Muneer Ismail Davids. ISBN: 9789960980300
—The author is a Research Scholar at Department of Economics, Central University of Kashmir, and an Academic Counsellor at IGNOU STUDY CENTRE 1209,S.P. College, Srinagar. She is also Editor in EPH – International Journal of Business and Management Science & Asian Journal of Managerial Science and was the IJRULA title awards, 2018 winner (Best Researcher, 2018). She can be reached at: email@example.com