MUBASHIR IQBAL KITABA
Our Holy Prophet (SAW) is an example for all of the humanity existing on this planet. The beloved Prophet (SAW) was and is a remarkable which goes beyond time and space. He (SAW) excelled in all walks of life and was a man of wisdom, intelligence, generosity, courage, patience, love and magnitude whose Holy life inspired millions of people throughout the globe. Our beloved Prophet (SAW) was sent as a mercy for all of the mankind and for all the creatures existing in this world.
The mission of the Holy Prophet (SAW) was to show the mankind the straight path which was blessed with the guidance of Allah the Almighty.
Before leaving this earthly life the Holy Prophet (SAW) delivered a sermon during the Hajj, which came to be known as the final sermon. This sermon was not only a reminder to his followers, but also an important admonition. This final sermon of Holy Prophet (SAW) also confirmed the end of the prophetic mission.
The year 10 AH was considered most important in the Islamic History for three reasons. First, was that the Holy Prophet (SAW) delivered his last sermon during his farewell pilgrimage to Holy Mecca. Second, in this particular year a large number of deputations came to the Prophet (SAW) to announce their Islam and of their tribes. Last, it was the golden period of Islam that multitudes number of people embraced the faith by accepting the oneness of Allah and Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) as his final and last messenger.
The Holy Prophet (SAW) delivered his final sermon (Khutbah) on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah (12th and last month of the Islamic year) 10 years after Hijjrah (migration) from Makkah to Medina in the blessed valley of Arafat. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) words were quite clear and concise and were directed to the entire humanity.
After praising and thanking Almighty Allah, He (SAW) said:
“O people, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore, listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today.
O people just as you regard this month, this day, this city as scared, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt may you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds. Allah Almighty has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah has judged that there shall be no interest, and that all interest due to Abbas Ibn Abdul Muttalib shall henceforth be waived.
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
O people, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under a trust from Almighty Allah and with his permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that does not make friends with anyone of whom you do not approve as well as never to be unchaste.
O people, listen to me in earnest, worship Allah the creator of this universe, perform you five daily prayers, fast during the month of Ramadhan, offer Zakat and perform Hajj if you have the means.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve. An Arab has no superiority over a non Arab, nor does a non Arab have any superiority over an Arab, white has no superiority over black, nor does a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good actions. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will appear before Allah and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O people, no prophet or apostle will come after me, and no new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, O people, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Holy Quran and my example, the sunnah, and if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again, and it may be that the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, Ya Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people”.
When the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) completed his final sermon and upon it, near the summit of Arafat, the revelation came down:
This Day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My grace upon you, and have chosen Islam for you as your religion. (Quran 5:3)
Even today, the last sermon of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is for every one living in any part of the world. It is our responsibility to pass on this message to each and every individual of the world through all possible means of communication so that the Ummah may come to know about the rights Almighty Allah has over humanity and humanity has over each other.
The author, a PhD Research Scholar, can be reached at: email@example.com