NEW DELHI: The government of India is implementing various programmes for employment generation coupled with improving employability and in this direction it is encouraging private sector of economy, fast tracking various projects involving substantial investment and increasing public expenditure on schemes like Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) and Deendayal Antodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM).
Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) is a scheme to extend collateral free loans by banks, non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) and micro finance institutions (MFIs) to small/micro business enterprises and individuals in the non-agricultural sector to enable them to setup or expand their business activities and to generate self employment. Under PMMY, the number of accounts/number of loans sanctioned during 2015-16 to 2017-18 were 12.27 crore, out of which 3.49 crore were new entrepreneurs.
Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Protshan Yojana (PMRPY) has been initiated by the Ministry of Labour & Employment in the year 2016-17 for incentivising employers by paying their entire contribution of 12% (or as admissible) towards the EPS and EPF for all sectors w.e.f. 01.04.2018 to all eligible new employees and is applicable for all sectors for the three years. Till 25th July, 2018, the scheme has 61.12 lakh beneficiaries.
Besides this, GoI has been taking various steps to boost industrial development, capital formation and employment generation in the country like Make in India, Startup India and Ease of Doing Business initiatives. Government of India has initiated labour reforms to create an enabling environment to facilitate ease of doing business, ease of compliance, transparency, accountability and extending the social security coverage of the unorganised workers.
Ministry of Labour & Employment is also implementing National Career Service (NCS) Project for transforming the employment services in the country using technology to bring more employment opportunities to jobseekers.