SRINAGAR: Justice, M K Hanjura, Judge, High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on Sunday said that human trafficking is a crime against humanity and is the third largest organised crime after drugs and the arms trade across the globe.
“The crime involves an act of recruiting, transporting, transforming, harbouring or receiving a person through the use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploiting them,” Justice Hanjura said after inaugurating one day judicial colloquium on ‘Prevention of Human Trafficking’, organised for judicial officers of Kashmir here on Sunday.
Justice informed that human trafficking is a $32 billion industry worldwide. “United Nations estimate that between 0.8 million and 04 million men, women and children are deceived, recruited, transported from their homes and sold into slavery around the world each year,” he said adding that India is considered as the hub of human trafficking in Asia and as per the statistics of the government, in every eight minutes, a child goes missing in the country. Justice Hasnain Massodi, V K Singh, Ravi Kant, Abdul Rashid Malik also shared the podium, besides all the Judicial Officers, Principal Judges, District Judges and several others were present on the occasion.
Massodi, Kant and Malik deliberated upon the dimensions, challenges and existing responses on human trafficking, laws/court practices relating to sex trafficking, labour exploitation and juvenile justice, voices of trafficked survivors, besides role of NGOs in victim protection, rescue, care and support, role of government in prevention, protection and rehabilitation.
Different provisions of RPC including Section 370 and 370A, the Immoral Traffic Prevention Act, 1956, Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act, 2013 and Victim Compensation Scheme were also discussed in the colloquium. Malik emphasised that women and children are the key target group of human trafficking because of their marginalisation and limited economic resources.
He also said that poverty, inadequate education and employment opportunities, economic disparities, globalisation, migration, erosion of traditional family values, the growth of transnational crime and weak law enforcement are the main causes of human trafficking.
Judiciary and police have a critical role to address the plight of victim of human trafficking as well as identifying the trafficker behind this organised crime, he added.