Rajouri: A research scholar from Rajouri has come up with a book on problems, challenges and opportunities in rural resource management in Jammu and Kashmir.
The book titled “Common Property Resources and Rural Livelihood: Problems, Perspectives and Management in J&K India” authored by Dr Mohammed Farooq Kalas is a scholarly work in the field of resource management. The study was part of his PhD thesis in Jamia Milli Islamia University.
The study by Dr. Kalas reveals that joint property resources in the shape of common lands, waters, minor forest products, grasses, fodder and forage etc in and around the villages and habitats common to the local residents are of immense importance as source of livelihood to the rural poor.
The book reveals that J&K has much more Common Property Resources (CPRs), potential than the national average but completely unattended in terms of conservation and management.
Dr. Kalas conducted his study in district Rajouri where he computed the amount of changes in land use and land cover over a period of thirty years using advance technologies of remote sensing and GIS and assessed resultant adverse impacts on CPR and consequently on livestock and livelihood.
The author has come out with alarming decrease in livestock varieties in per capita especially goat population and equal proportion of people associated with activity have changed their profession either to agricultural labourers, household servants or even beggars.
He also computed amount of various CPRs in each sample village, their proportion of contribution in total livelihood of the household and derived average values for individual village and whole of the district (the study area). He has noted huge dependency of rural households on CPRs which is correlated with various socio-physiographic factors like literacy, electrification, distance from roads and towns, altitude (topography), proportion of LPG served kitchens and tribal dominancy (in terms of population) etc.
The author advocates for prompt steps for the conservation and management of such resources and establish dedicated institutions at all levels to arrest the trend
The book had been published in Germany in 2014 as well.