SRINAGAR: The Jammu and Kashmir State has registered significant decline in the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). The State has taken lead in decreasing the IMR from 37 to 34. The national average of IMR starts at 39.
As per the Sample Registration Survey, the IMR in the State has declined from 37 to 34. The State has been ranked 8th amongst the 21 States of India in achieving decline in IMR.
The IMR is an important health indicator which shows number of deaths of children up to one year of age per 1000 live births. The National Health Mission (NHM) with the active support of entire health and Medical Education Department has put strenuous efforts to provide essential neonatal care at Government health institutions across the State. Special New-born Care Units (SNCU) have been established in 21 District/other equivalent Hospitals, New Born Stabilization Units (NBSUs) in 76 CHCs level and New Born Corners (NBCCs) in 281 delivery points with financial and technical support from National Health Mission.
The Health and Medical Education Department with the support of National Health Mission has constituted Mobile Health teams comprising of two Doctors (One Male and One Female) and two Paramedics under Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK).
Out of 30 health conditions, 13 conditions have been identified which require surgical interventions at secondary/ tertiary level within / outside the State and the children suffering from these diseases are provided financial assistance for treatment/ surgical intervention at District Hospitals, Govt. Medical Colleges of the State, SKIMS Soura, AIIMS New Delhi and PGI Chandigarh. As many as 308 children have been provided financial assistance, during 2015-16, amounting to Rs.2.27 crore for undergoing surgical interventions within and outside the State.
The dedicated manpower has been engaged for providing maternal and child health care services. Doctors and Para-medics are being regularly trained in various skills for providing quality services in Maternal and Child Health which has, in turn brought considerable decline in IMR.
Minister for Health & Medical Education, Bali Bhagat has lauded the dedicated efforts of the Department, especially the National Health Mission, J&K, Director Health Services, Jammu/Kashmir, Director Family Welfare, J&K and Director SKIIMS, Srinagar for their sustained efforts to achieve the targets and hoped that in future these interventions shall be continued with sincerity and dedication so as to further improve the maternal and child health indicators in coming years.