Why Fasting?

Why Fasting?
By Aaqib Akbar
Fasting and all other divine tenets are meant to fulfill the spiritual, behavioral and physical interests required for the man to maintain his physical health. Therefore, Almighty Allah has made fasting obligatory on us and all the people before us.
He says:
‘’O believers! Fasting has been prescribed for you
As it was prescribed for those before you, so that
You may become righteous” (Quran 2: 183)
The Almighty has also informed us in the below verse that fasting is not only good for health and residents, but also for patients and travelers, who can fast with difficulty: such as the elderly and the like. He says:
 “(Fast) for a certain number of days: but if anyone of you
Is all: or on a journey: let him fast for a similar number of days later:
For those who can do it with hardship is a ransom of feeding a needy person.
But the one who does well of his own accord, it is better for him: and it is
Better for you to fast, if you truly know (the rationale of fasting)” (Quran 2: 184)
These benefits and advantages will be realized by each designate, healthy, non traveler, who fasts without excessive hardship, who can eat breakfast and pre- dawn meals like the healthy. There is no research , to my knowledge , carried out on fasting health persons in normal circumstances , but it notified one of two things : Either lack of impact of fasting on the physiology and work of body with a degree considered dangerous on the body or cause damage to most diseases : Or it shows a clear benefit in some of these functions , or improve some of the body components and functions of the parts of the body , or breast – feeding  or while travelling : Instead the researches have shown that fasting helps to cure some of the diseases.
Hence there is a lot of good in fasting for most of the patients, travelers, and those who are capable of fasting and they gain benefits and advantages which they don’t know. Fasting for patients, travelers and for those who can afford it is better and more useful, unless the body weakens due to bearing of hardship, or it infects the body with certain damage. In the first it is permitted, while in the second one it is considered to be determined. This is the opinion of some of the MUFASAREEN (commentators of Holy Quran) and majority of Islamic jurists.
After the spread of Islam and the practice of fasting by Muslim in different nations, the excellence of benefits of fasting became evident. The Muslim Physician Ibn Sina had prescribed fasting for the treatment of all chronic diseases. Muslim Physicians of tenth and eleventh century (AD) had prescribed fasting for recovering from small pox , and HIV disease syphilis .
During the renaissance in Europe, Scientists started demanding the people to limit overeating and to leave indulging in pleasures and drinking, and they proposed fasting to mitigate the unbridled desires. In Germany, the Physician Fredrick Hoffman found that fasting (intending continuous starvation which is known as medical fasting) helps in treatment of Epilepsy, Ulcers etc.