SRINAGAR: China, Iran, Pakistan are among the world’s top executioners of 2015, Amnesty International’s Death Sentence and Executions report says.
Including Saudi Arabia, 90% of all the executions have taken place in these countries.
The report states that at least 1,634 people were executed in 25 countries in 2015, while most of death penalties have been carried out in China, Iran, Pakistan,
“Pakistan has put 326 people to death in 2015 after the country lifted a six-year moratorium on the execution of civilians in December 2014, following the Taliban attack on a school in Peshawar,” Amnesty report mentions.
This is the highest number of executions ever recorded by the Amnesty International for Pakistan.
In carrying out the executions, Pakistan is listed third on the number globally. According to the Amnesty, it has carried out executions at an alarming rate during the year, joining the leading executioners China and Iran.
A total of 326 executions were recorded, which includes 305 for murder.
“Pakistan had initially lifted a moratorium on executions on 17 December 2014 to allow for executions for terrorism-related offences. In February 2015, the authorities began executing prisoners convicted of other crimes.”
Despite of the fact that use of death penalty on juvenile offenders is prohibited, under international law and Pakistan’s Constitution, minors have been executed in Pakistan.
The data, Amnesty collected, indicates that five men who were executed in 2015 had been below 18 years old at the time of the crime.
It has also emerged that Pakistan executes people with mental or intellectual disabilities.
India carried out one execution in 2015, on 30 July, when Yakub Abdul Razak Memon, who was convicted for his involvement in a series of bomb blasts in Mumbai in March 1993 which killed 257 people, was hanged at the Nagpur Central jail.
During the year, 75 new convicts were sentenced to death, nearly all of them for murder. At least four people were sentenced to death for the circumstances of rape—which was followed by the amendments to the Criminal Code in 2013.
By the end of 2015 at least 320 people remained under sentence of death. A number of death sentences were commuted during this year by the courts and authorities.
The death sentence of three prisoners, whose mercy petitions were rejected by the President of India in 2014, was also commuted to life imprisonment by the courts.
In August, the Law Commission of India published its second report on the death penalty and came out with a decision that the death penalty does not serve the goal of deterrence any more than life imprisonment.
However, the Commission didn’t recommend abolishing of death penalty for all crimes and instead suggested to retain this punishment for terrorism-related offences and waging war.
Amnesty International has recorded a dramatic 54% increase in executions globally, compared to 2014. At least 1,634 people were executed during 2015, 573 more than recorded in 2014.