Every person has his own style of travelling. However, a Muslim has been directed to take several measures before starting the journey to save himself from the wrath of Allah-the most exalted on the day of judgement.
Before undertaking a journey, a person must return the things that have been entrusted to him by various people. He should also pay whatever is due to him in the form of debt etc. This is necessary for a variety of reasons. While the traveller is away, the persons of whom he is carrying a trust may need the things entrusted to the traveller. Similarly, if the person dies during the journey, the things entrusted to him may never reach their owners and the persons who were generous enough to lend him some money may never get back what they had given to him. If a person dies without returning the things entrusted to him or without paying his debt, he cannot enter the Paradise. Even a martyr’s entry into the Gardens is stopped if he dies in the way of Allah without paying his debt. Therefore, a Muslim must take care and do what Allah the most Gracious and His beloved Messenger (SAW) have laid down. This must be done before undertaking the journey.
In addition, a Muslim must appologise for all the wrongs he has done to people. Allah the most Beneficent has laid great emphasis on the enforcement of the rights of the people. If a person is wronged or inconvenienced, Allah the most Merciful shall not forgive him unless the aggrieved person who was inconvenienced forgives him.
When the journey starts, a person must say goodbye to his friends, relatives and family members so that they remember the traveller in their prayers. Soon after, the traveller must go to the mosque and offer two rakaats (kneeling) to invoke the blessings of Allah the Sustained. A person must also pray for his safety during the travel and his safe arrival. If there are two or more persons, they must appoint one as their leader and during the travel they must obey the leader and should not violate his orders (if the orders are strictly in accordance with the Shariah).
A traveller must choose good company during the travel. “One passenger is one devil, two passengers are two devils but three passengers make a caravan”(Abu Dawud, Al Tirmidhi).
“When three persons set out on a journey they should appoint one of them as their leader” Abu Dawud).
The traveller must inform his family about his tentative date of arrival. The most revered Prophet (SAW) has forbidden arrival (at home) late in the night. This is to save the traveller from seeing anything that he dislikes. “If one of you is absent from home for a long time, he should not come back to his family by the night”…(Al Bukhari, Al Muslim).
When a traveller finally arrives in his native land, he must first go to the mosque and offer two Rakaats. He must thank Allah the most Merciful for his safe arrival. After offering two Rakaats in the mosque, the traveller can go to home.