1952: US Envoy in Pak Cables Washington

“ After I went to the Foreign Minister today with (the) statement of the (State) Dep(artmen)t’s position and recommendations on Dr. Graham’s reply to the Pakistan’s conditioned acceptance of his aide-mémoire on Kashmir, Zafrulla gave me the results of his preliminary thoughts on probable Pakistani action. I gather the Pakistanis are prepared to send representatives immediately to NY (New York) to be at Dr. Graham’s disposal for a period of a month from the date of their arrival in NY. They will have authority to participate in conversations but not authority to negotiate with respect to the quantum of troops. This quantum is to be based on Dr. Graham’s proposal or on the Devers memo, whichever is the more acceptable to India. The further condition of acceptance is that if no agreement emerges after a month of conversations, the GOP (Government of Pakistan) will then insist that Graham, under the authority of para five of the SC’s (Security Council’s) res(olution) of March 30, ‘51, report back to the SC and so invite a full debate on his efforts to reach agreement. (The) Foreign Minister was disturbed by some of the language in Graham’s offer as well as the Dept’s statement I read to him. He pointed out that Pakistan has consistently made concessions in order to reach agreement on demilitarization as a step toward the solution of the Pak problem and that such concessions have been unilateral. He said (that) he feels the present language addressed to Pak puts a premium on intransigence. On the other hand, he is most anxious to get on with the negotiations, but the Pakistanis do not want Graham’s forthcoming and final efforts to be diverted. They feel that an emphasis must be placed on reaching agreement on his four points that remain outstanding and that then further steps to be taken under the two UN resolutions for the demilitarization and plebiscite must be considered in relation to the designation of the plebiscite administrator and his induction into office. The Foreign Minister is adamant in his feeling that action must be taken either positive or a recognition of failure at the end of these forthcoming discussions. He said that he will not be a member of the del(egation) and he will have to wait Cabinet action to determine whether a del(egation) shall consist of the persons already indicated, that is, Ayub, Sec(retar)y of the Min(istry) of Kashmiri Affairs, and Lt. Col. Iqbal of the headquarters staff of the Pak Army, or whether there shall be other persons. I inferred from this aspect of his conversation that he may be considering the desirability of permitting the Foreign Secretary and the Defense Secretary to go as evidence of Pakistan’s good faith in attempting to reach (a) solution by conducting the discussions at a high level.