1952: Washington Cables US Embassy in India

 “(The State) Department and UK have agreed on parallel (and) identical approaches in Delhi and Karachi. You should coordinate with (your) UK colleague. (The State) Dep(artmen)t suggests (the) following text be read as (a) statement representing (the) views (of the) US Govt.

 (a) We understand that although both parties have accepted in principle Graham’s proposal for resumed negotiations, there may be a wish on one or both sides to lay down certain qualifications for the basis of the negotiations.

This seems to us a negation of what would seem to be the whole purpose of Graham’s proposal. His aim is to get discussions between the parties going in order that there should be an opportunity for real negotiations on crucial issue of demilitarization.


 Graham has made it clear that his negotiations will be directed towards (the) general implementation of two UNCIP res(olutions) and that his starting point for these negotiations will be the four outstanding points of difference and, particularly, the quantum of forces, and this seems right to us, since agreement on demilitarization is (an) essential prerequisite for a plebiscite. We feel that during (the) last round of negotiations, (the) parties did not come to grips with this problem and that the immediate need is for detailed discussions about it.

At the same time, we hope that both parties will be ready with contributions of their own which they may consider would help towards agreement.

We expect negotiations to enable Graham within a reasonably short time to take matters a definite stage forward. We believe that outstanding issues are susceptible of agreement, given a real effort by both parties to seek it. Each party in these negotiations will have to be prepared to make some concessions to (the) point of view of (the) other, and we urge both parties to accept (the) implications of this. We therefore urge both parties to enter negotiations on (the) basis now suggested by Graham.

 If proposed negotiations do not resolve all outstanding points of difference, we ourselves contemplate that there should be a full examination by (the) SC (Security Council) of these differences in light of Graham’s report.


2002: Kaluchak Massacre

Three members of a suicide squad killed 30 persons, including seven bus passengers and 23 others, in the family quarters of the Army, near Jammu. Thirty-four persons were injured in the attack, some of them critically.

The attack on the bus took place around 5.35 a.m. at Kaluchak on the Jammu-Panthankot National Highway, a few kilometres from the Indo-Pakistan International Border. The three militants , who were dressed in Army fatigues, had boarded the bus, bound for Jammu from Kulu in Himachal Pradesh, at Samba, 30 km from Jammu.