1953: Syama Prasad Mookerjee Arrested

Jammu and Kashmir’s Constituent Assembly elected Yuvraj Karan Singh as the first Sadr-e-Riyasat on November 15, 1952, thus bringing to an end the state’s 106-year-old hereditary Dogra rule.

A serious opposition to Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah had developed in Jammu under the Praja Parishad, which launched a political movement with Shri Prem Nath Dogra as its leader. Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee was the President of the Jan Sangh Party at the national level who commented that there was, or would soon be, “two Constitutions, two flags and two Prime Ministers in one country, which cannot be tolerated”. The State Praja Parishad, Jan Sangh and RSS. joined hands and advocated the abolition of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution.
In November 1952, the Praja Parishad leader, Prem Nath Dogra, and his close associate Shri Sham Lal were detained. So, the situation in Jammu grew tense within the spring of 1953 and Dr. Mookerjee supported the agitation outside the State and in May 1953, he left for Jammu but was arrested by the IGP Kashmir at the states’ border (Lakhanpur/Kathua) on May 11, 1953 and taken to Srinagar in custody. Unfortunately Dr. Mookerjee died in a government hospital in Srinagar on June 23, 1953. The popular slogans of the Praja Parishad agitators were – ek desh mein do vidhan; ek desh mein do nishan; ek desh mein do pradhan nahi chalen gay (in one country , two Constitutions; in one country two flags , in one country two Prime Ministers will not be tolerated).