1949: LBA Submits Memorandum to Nehru

In a memorandum of the Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, the president of the Ladakh Buddhist Association,  Chewang Rigzin, pleaded Ladakh not be bound by the decision of Plebiscite should the  Muslim-majority state of Jammu and Kashmir decide in favour of Pakistan.  He further pleaded that the Ladakh region be governed directly by the Government of India in such an eventuality.

2003: CIA’s New Kashmir Map

The CIA’s new map of Kashmir described the region east of the Line of Control as “Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir” while it designated the territories to its west as “Pakistan-controlled areas of Kashmir.”


In the past, the United States had treated the whole Kashmir state as disputed. Senior leader of Kashmir’s APHC Syed Ali Shah Geelani expressed fear that Pakistan may eventually accept the LoC as a border between the two sides of Kashmir.

In a written statement in Srinagar Geelani welcomed the thaw between India and Pakistan, but also expressed fears that Islamabad might backtrack from its stand on the Kashmir issue to improve its trade ties with New Delhi.

“If Kashmir can be shelved for smoothening relations with India, there is every possibility that the Line of Control may be accepted as permanent border for other reasons,” Geelani said.

 2007: Hizb Commander Killed

Riyaz Ahmad Deva, alias Saifullah, a district commander of the Hizb-ul-Mujahideen militant group, was killed in an encounter with the Special Operations Group of Police near Khalhar village of the Anantnag district in south Kashmir.