1933: Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah  Arrested

On December 17, 1932, Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah left for Lahore to attend a working committee meeting of the Muslim Conference. On his return on January 20, 1933, Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah declared him a ‘Mirzai’ during religious sermons at the Khanqah-e-Naqashbandiah in Old Srinagar. This gave birth to regular clashes between the followers of Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah and Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah, now known as bakra (sheep) and sher (lion). To stop frequent clashes between their followers, the two leaders signed a “Peace Agreement” in the presence of Wazir Mohammad Khan, the Superintendent of Police. After these developments, Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah dissociated himself from the Muslim Conference and also from the Sheikh. Molvi Hamadani, engaged in long-standing rivalry with the Mirwaiz, began to woo Abdullah.  Sensing this rivalry between the two clerics, the state’s rulers directed the Mirwaiz and Molvi Hamadani to lead Eid prayers at the Jamia Masjid and the Eidgah respectively on April 16, 1933.

A defiant Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah, however, ignored the  government directive,  and headed for the Eidgah. Molvi Hamadani countered the move by entering the Jamia Masjid. Severe clashes between their followers erupted as a result, and the Dogra regime charged the two clerics with disturbing the law and order situation in the Valley.

Molvi Hamadani furnished a bond for Rs. 1000, but Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah refused, and decided to resist state pressure. The result was that he was detained and taken to the Udhampur Jail on April 27.

Sheikh Abdullah was returning from Jammu on the same day and met the Mirwaiz at Kud. On his arrived in the Valley, he gave the details of his Kud meeting. His rancorous remarks caused deep resentment in the Mirwaiz camp. The sher-bakra divide deepened among the Muslims of Srinagar.
Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah was released from detention on May 3 on the securitybond furnished by Syed Attaullah Shah Bukhari. On coming out, he criticized Molvi Hamadani and his close association with the Sheikh.