The Secretary of Defense (Lovett) to the Secretary of State

Washington, 18 April 1952.


Dear Mr. Secretary: Reference is made to the letter of February 12, 1952, addressed to the Secretary of Defense by Assistant Secretary John D. Hickerson on behalf of the Secretary of State, concerning the assignment of additional personnel to the United States Military Observer Group in Kashmir (USMOK).

Subsequent to your letter of February 12, 1952, the Department of State informed the Department of Defense that the United Nations had modified its request for additional observers in Kashmir by recommending a United States complement of twenty-two in lieu of thirty observers. In addition, the Department of State advised that Army officers were preferred in restoring the strength of the USMOK.

Although Army officers may be more suited, by training and experience, to the particular requirements of the situation in Kashmir than Navy or Air Force personnel, budgetary limitations prevent the Army from providing all the observers.
The observer group in Kashmir currently consists of United States observers, by Service, as follows: twelve Army, two Navy, and three Air Force. There are also two Air Force officers who serve as pilots for the assigned aircraft, but these officers are not included in the observer strength. As changes or increases in the USMOK occur, the Department of Defense will assign officers from the three Services on an approximate ratio, four Army, three Navy and three Air Force.

Since the Department of the Army now has twelve observers on duty with USMOK, the Secretaries of the Navy and Air Force are being requested to furnish additional observers as soon as possible to provide a complement of five observers each, meeting the Department of State request for a total of twenty-two.

Sincerely yours,

For the Secretary of Defense:

Marshall S. Carter
Brigadier General, USA
Director, Executive Ofc