In his speech to the Lok Sabha, the then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, said: “…we must always remember Kashmir is not a thing to be bandied between India and Pakistan. It has a soul of its own; it has an individuality of its own. We cannot, certainly much less can Pakistan, play with it as if it were something in the political game between the two countries. Nothing can be done without the goodwill of the people of Kashmir.”
1966: Indira Gandhi Rules Out Kashmir Plebiscite
In a statement issued at New York, the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, said: “Any plebiscite would by definition amount to questioning the integrity of India. It would raise the question of secession – a question on which even the United States fought a civil war not so very long ago. We cannot and will not tolerate a second partition of India on religious grounds. It would destroy the very basis of the Indian state.”
2001: Troops Kill 7 in Dooru
Troops opened fire in the Dooru township of the Anantnag district in south Kashmir, killing 7 local drivers in cold blood. Massive protests erupted across the Valley.
2012: UN Asks India to Revoke AFSPA
A UN official asked New Delhi to revoke the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA), saying it had no place in a democracy like India.
Christof Heyns, then the UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions, who visited the region said: “During my visit to Kashmir, the AFSPA was described to me as ‘hated’ and ‘draconian.’ It clearly violates international law. A number of UN treaty bodies have pronounced it to be in violation of international law as well.”