As per the Indian law, sedition is any form of speech, action, writing that incites hatred against the established order and harms the systematic peace of the country. Seditious words written against the ruling government and authority is called ‘seditious libel’.
Indian Constitution’s chapter VI deals with offences against the state and sedition is charged under Section 124A of the IPC. The punishment includes imprisonment for life and added fines. Imprisonment can be for life-time or for three years based on the nature of seditious charges.
Sedition as defined in the IPC is, “Whoever, by words, either spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or excites or attempts to excite disaffection towards the government established by law in India, shall be punished with imprisonment for life, to which fine may be added, or with imprisonment which may extend to three years, to which fine may be added, or with fine.”