“The Security Council calls upon both the Government of India and the Government of Pakistan to take immediately all measures within their power (including public appeals to their people) calculated to improve the situation, and to refrain from making any statements, and from doing or causing to be done or permitting any acts which might aggravate the situation.”
1957: Washington Cables Embassy in India
“Suggest you take (the) following line in reply to Pillai representations (with reference) to Kashmir:
We are aware delicate (of the) problems raised by forthcoming Security Council considerations (on the) Kashmir issue. We will keep (this) in mind in determining our policy (and the) high desirability of attempting (to) prevent (a) setback in friendly relations between (our) two countries to which (the Indian) Prime Minister’s visit made such contribution. We have noted (the) restraint with which (the) Prime Minister and (the) Indian Government have reacted towards (the) new Middle East program.
(The) US, in determining its position in connection (with the) forthcoming SC consideration of the Kashmir dispute, will be guided by (the) basic principle of supporting (the) UN action which we feel would contribute (to the) solution (of the) dispute. To take any other action would be in conflict with a basic principle of US policy. Our recent action in connection with the Egyptian crisis demonstrated once again our reliance on the UN as an instrument to settle international disputes. In general in forthcoming hearings we shall support the line laid down in previous UN decisions on the question. We expect (to) maintain positions taken in previous SC hearings that, failing agreement between (the) two parties on any other means or terms of settlement, the issue should be determined through a free and impartial plebiscite under UN auspices in which (the) people of Kashmir would have (the) opportunity (to) freely express their wishes as to their future political status. This is (the) position both India and Pakistan have accepted.
We should be glad (to) consult closely with (the) Indian delegation during (the) course (of the) UN consideration.