Changing World Order

Changing World Order
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Change appears to be the only constant in world politics and international relations. This assertion is perhaps best reflected in the deep structural change(s) and churn in both- the most eloquent example of which is United States’ decline. The country rose and monopolized world politics after the end of the Second Great War and created a web of alliances, institutions and so called order that redounded to its benefit. The United States’ hegemony got deepened after the end of the Cold War as the international system morphed from a bipolar Cold War system to a unipolar one. The country’s power was so immense that some drew parallels with an Imperium or Empire. But, as the cliché goes, what goes up has to come down. The United States’ hubris , mismanagement of power made the country over extend itself, the consequences of which are being felt now. As the country is in the midst of decline, its president, Donald Trump, with his visceral and reflexive policies is merely hastening its decline. Amidst this condition, other countries are rising and emerging as full poles and system polarity is undergoing a profound structural transformation. The most salient of these countries are Russia and China( not necessarily in the same order). Russia has extended its power and influence not only what it thinks is its “sphere of influence” but also as far as the Middle East. China, which, underwent economic reforms in 1978, has undergone a remarkable rise in almost all dimensions of power. It may not be far fetched it posit that the country is now the hegemon of Asia as America’s role gets diminished and as China increasingly asserts itself in the region. The international system, as it exists now, might be corresponding to what may be called “loose multipolarity”. International Relations theory suggests that multipolar orders are unstable but as has been observed, by virtue of concentration of power in the United States, there was increasing strife, disorder and even wars across the world. A multipolar world order and system then might put a check on the United States’ worst impulses and instincts. It will also be good to have more competition in world politics which, could lead to such a balance of power that might actually redound to some good. As world politics mutates and gets transformed in the process, there will be new alignments and even realignments of power and power politics thereof. The effects or ripples might be felt as far as Kashmir.

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