SRINAGAR: Researchers at Government Medical College Srinagar have found that a good number of local residents are suffering from a vision disorder known as Colour Vision Deficiency (CVD) or color blindness– a type of disorder where people face problems in recognizing colors.
The research conducted by the department of physiology, GMC Srinagar says that about 4.7 percent of adult population in Kashmir is suffering from CVD and among them, majority is of adult males.
The CVD is a common ocular defect of human being where subjects face severe or mild troubles with red, green, blue or yellow color perception. Optometrists and ophthalmologists follow several tests to diagnose CVD affected subjects.
As per the research which was conducted between April 2015 and October 2016, most of adult Kashmiris that were found positive of CVD disorder were between the age-group of 20 to 40.
Among the subjects, from 18 to 60 years, that were studied or examined during the research, more than 90 percent were males while as the reaming percentage was of fair gender.
“Here in Kashmir as well as India, this (CVD) kind of disorder has not been in much focus as compared to other nations. Even though the (CVD) disorder is not physically debilitating but it is of a huge concern when it comes to a person’s daily and profession life where colour blindness can prove detrimental for the subject and for the person,” says Dr Masarat Nazeer, who has compiled this research while pursuing her post-graduation at the college.
Dr. Masarat presented her research on Wednesday at a two-day event held at auditorium Hall of Medical College where along with her more than 40 PG students of different departments presented their research papers.
She says that the person suffering from CVD disorders may have serious consequences in those spheres where identification or recognizing colors are pre-conditions for serving the job.
“That person (suffering from disorders) would find it difficult to differentiate between red and green traffic signals or work on positions that require proper colour perception like traffic policeman, railway driver, technicians in color industries, pilots, deck officers and seamen, loco pilots, air traffic controllers, some occupations in the defense forces, geological service, lab technology and histo-pathological laboratory jobs. It (the disorder) may also create complications for students and may prevent them to reach up to their maximal potential,” says Masarat, while suggesting awareness programs about CVD for the better utilization of qualities and skills of those that were suffering from this disorder.Srinagar
She says that early detection of this disorder may prove helpful to counsel these subjects in choosing or avoiding some professions so that they may not face problems in their professional life.
“For example, if a medical student is suffering from CVD, by early detection we would counsel him that what branch of medicine suits him/ her best. He would make adjustments accordingly to overcome the possible difficulty,” she adds.
“As CVD is congenital, there is no cure for the patients. But counseling by ophthalmologists and optometrists to these patients at early age could help to find adaptive strategies to minimize the risk of transmitting CVD disorder to their offspring’s by preconception or through prenatal diagnosis strategies,” She adds.
Pertinently, the organization like “Colour Vision Awareness” often arranges awareness programs in British schools. In Japan, the Education Ministry has issued guidance on how to make classroom accessible to students with CVD and even ensured suitable text books for color blind students in the year 2003.