SRINAGAR: Seven Indian companies are part of the international chain that is responsible for ensuring explosive supply to Islamic State.
According to Conflict Armament Research (CAR)’s 20-month study, companies from 20 countries are involved in the supply chain of components that end up in Islamic State explosives, media reported on Thursday.
The European Union-mandated study showed that 51 companies from countries including Turkey, Brazil, and the United States produced, sold or received more than 700 components used by Islamic State to build improvised explosive devices (IEDs).
A total of 13 Turkish firms were found to be involved in the supply chain, the most in any one country; and it was followed by India with seven.
Seven Indian companies manufactured most of the detonators, detonating cord, and safety fuses documented by CAR. Those were all legally exported under government-issued licences from India to entities in Lebanon and Turkey, CAR found.
Companies from Brazil, Romania, Russia, the Netherlands, China, Switzerland, Austria and Czech Republic were also involved, the report found.
The study stated that IEDs were being produced on a “quasi-industrial scale” by IS, which uses both industrial components that are regulated and widely available equipment such as fertiliser chemicals and mobile phones.
“These findings support growing international awareness that IS forces in Iraq and Syria are very much self-sustaining-acquiring weapons and strategic goods, such as IED components, locally and with ease,” CAR’s executive director, James Bevan, was quoted as saying in a news report carried by Deccan Herald.
“Companies having effective accounting systems to establish where the goods went after them would act as a deterrent,” Bevan said.
The study found that Islamic State is able to acquire some components in as little as a month after their lawful supply to firms in the region.
CAR gained access to the components through partners including the Washington-backed Kurdish YPG in Syria, the Iraqi Federal Police, the Kurdistan Region Security Council and forces of the Kurdistan Regional Government.