How to perform Umrah

On their arrival in the holy city of Makkah, pilgrims have to perform Umrah immediately. The Umrah involves circumambulation of the Kabbah, offering two rakaats near Muqam-e-Ibrahiem (AS), drinking Zam Zam water, and doing Sa’yee (walking between Safah and Marwah) and shaving off hair from the head.
Pilgrims must preferably enter the Masjid-e-Haram from Babus Salam. It is a gate between Safa and Marwah and it was from here that the most revered Prophet (SAW) entered. After entering the mosque, pilgrims must lower their gaze and walk slowly towards the Kabbah. They will reach a place where the bottom of the Kabbah could be seen. Here pilgrims must look towards the Kabbah and pray. It is believed that Allah grants every prayer of the pilgrim at his first look at the Kabbah. According to Ulama pilgrims must pray in following words: “Oh Allah the most exalted grant me whatever I seek during my stay in the Haram.”
Now pilgrims must walk towards Sang-e-Aswad (a black stone fixed in a corner of the  Kabbah). It is from here that pilgrims have to start their circumambulation. Pilgrims kiss the stone and start moving in the direction of Muqam-e-Ibrahiem (AS) and complete one round. At the end of the round pilgrims kiss the stone again and repeat the process until they complete seven rounds around the Kabbah. Every round ends at Sang-e-Aswad.
Pilgrims must, however, bear in mind that it is forbidden to push people in the Haram. If it is not possible to kiss the stone, the pilgrim must look towards it and kiss his fingers.
While doing circumambulation pilgrims must seek pardon for their sins, they must pray for their family, friends and the Ummah. At the other corner of the Kabbah is the Rukn-e-Yamani. If possible the pilgrim must touch it. If it is not possible, no problem.
The pilgrim has to do Ramal (brisk walking) during the first three rounds around the Kabbah. And during this time male pilgrims must not cover the right shoulder and arm with Ahraam. It must remain bare. However, after completing three rounds this restriction ends.
After completing Ta’waaf, pilgrims have to offer two Rakaats near Muqam-e-Ibrahiem (AS). It is better for a pilgrim he offers this Salaat with Muqam-e-Ibrahiem in between him and Kabbah. However, if it is not possible (due to heavy rush) pilgrims can offer this Salaat anywhere in the Masjid-e-Haram.
Soon after, pilgrims have to drink Zam Zam. A pilgrim can do ablution with it also.
Then they have to proceed towards Safah and commence S’ayee. A pilgrim has to walk between Safah and Marwah and back and then repeat the exercise seven times. One walk between Safah and Marwah completes one round. The journey back to Safah completes the second and so on. Some pilgrims (due to confusion) walk between the two erstwhile hillocks fourteen times. Pilgrims must bear in mind that the seventh round ends at the Marwah.  In between Safah and Marwah there are green fluorescent lights. Between these lights pilgrims have to run. It was at these places that Hazrat Hajrah (AS) (mother of Ismaiel (AS) ran in search of water for him. At Safah and Marwah the pilgrim must look towards the Kabbah and pray. After completing the seventh round the pilgrim has to leave the mosque to get his haircut. Just outside the gate near Marwah there are a number of barbershops. It is better to shave off the hair from the head instead of cutting a handful of hair. The most revered Prophet (SAW) has prayed for the person who gets his head shaved off after Umrah. After shaving the head the pilgrim completes the Umrah and gets free from the restrictions of the Ahraam.

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